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How to Open Microsoft Office Files Directly in Your Office Client Application (Word, Excel or Powerpoint) from ShortPoint

You have a File list (or any other) ShortPoint connected to files in your document library and you want to launch Microsoft Office client application directly when clicking on the files (type: Word, Excel or PowerPoint):




To use above ShortPoint with given design and code, please copy below ShortPoint code to your page:



[files-list color="highlight"][file-list-item shortpoint_connection="%7B%22id%22%3A%22dynamic_rest%22%2C%22data%22%3A%7B%22url%22%3A%22https%3A%2F%2Fshortpoint1.sharepoint.com%2Fsites%2FNewModern%2F_api%2Fweb%2Flists%2Fgetbytitle('Templates')%2Fitems%3F$select%3DFileLeafRef%2CEncodedAbsUrl%2CModified%2CCreated%2CEditor%2FTitle%2CFile_x0020_Type%26$expand%3DEditor%26$orderby%3DFileLeafRef%2520asc%22%2C%22itemsLimit%22%3A0%2C%22mapResults%22%3A%22var%20files%20%3D%20data.d.results%3B%5Cnvar%20filesWithDirectUrl%20%3D%20files.map(function(file)%20%7B%5Cnif(file.File_x0020_Type%20%3D%3D%20%5C%22docx%5C%22)%5Cn%7B%5Cn%5Ctfile.DirectUrl%20%3D%20%5C%22ms-word%3Anft%7Cu%7C%5C%22%20%2B%20file.EncodedAbsUrl%3B%5Cn%7D%5Cnelse%20if(file.File_x0020_Type%20%3D%3D%20%5C%22xlsx%5C%22)%5Cn%7B%5Cn%5Ctfile.DirectUrl%20%3D%20%5C%22ms-excel%3Anft%7Cu%7C%5C%22%20%2B%20file.EncodedAbsUrl%3B%5Cn%7D%5Cnelse%20if(file.File_x0020_Type%20%3D%3D%20%5C%22pptx%5C%22)%5Cn%7B%5Cn%5Ctfile.DirectUrl%20%3D%20%5C%22ms-powerpoint%3Anft%7Cu%7C%5C%22%20%2B%20file.EncodedAbsUrl%3B%5Cn%7D%5Cnreturn%20file%3B%5Cn%7D)%3B%5Cnreturn%20filesWithDirectUrl%3B%5Cn%22%7D%2C%22caching%22%3Anull%7D" title="%23FileLeafRef" subtitle="created%20by%20%23Editor__Title" file-type="%23File_x0020_Type" link="%23DirectUrl" /][/files-list]



Prerequisites


  1. You need to be logged in at Microsoft Office with the same account as you are logged in to your browser


  2. You need to have Microsoft Office Installed at users' machine



Step 1: Add File Lists ShortPoint to the page


Add any element to the page In this example, I am going to add File Lists ShortPoint but this solution is not restricted to it.



Go to Connect and Select Rest API connection type;




Step 2: Connect to files and make it open with Microsoft Office client application


https://<Tenancy Name>.sharepoint.com/_api/web/lists/getbytitle('<Document Library Name>')/items?$select=FileLeafRef,EncodedAbsUrl,Modified,Created,Editor/Title,File_x0020_Type&$expand=Editor&$orderby=FileLeafRef%20asc


<Tenancy Name>: This should be URL to your web (for example https://shortpoint.sharepoint.com/sites/demo)

<Document Library Name>This should be the title (Name) of your document library


To have more options about sorting the file list, you can follow How to show both Files and Folders of the Document Library in your ShortPoint element article's Step 2.


Example URL: https://shortpoint.sharepoint.com/_api/web/lists/getbytitle('Templates')/items?$select=FileLeafRef,EncodedAbsUrl,Modified,Created,Editor/Title,File_x0020_Type&$expand=Editor&$orderby=FileLeafRef%20asc



Now we need to make a URL which will make files open directly in Microsoft Office Client application. To do that, check Enable Advanced Settings and provide following JavaScript code in Map Results:


var files = data.d.results;
var filesWithDirectUrl = files.map(function(file) {
if(file.File_x0020_Type == "docx")
{
file.DirectUrl = "ms-word:nft|u|" + file.EncodedAbsUrl;
}
else if(file.File_x0020_Type == "xlsx")
{
file.DirectUrl = "ms-excel:nft|u|" + file.EncodedAbsUrl;
}
else if(file.File_x0020_Type == "pptx")
{
file.DirectUrl = "ms-powerpoint:nft|u|" + file.EncodedAbsUrl;
}
else 
{
file.DirectUrl = file.EncodedAbsUrl;
}
return file;
});
return filesWithDirectUrl;



Click Connect. 


Here are the sample mappings in Item tab, however you can do mappings the way you want:



That's it!


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